Conditions Treated

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Location / Procedure Brief Description Longer description Link to
A-A luxation / instability see atlanto-axial stabilization atlanto-axial stabilization
Abdominal herniorrhaphy Repair of hernias associated with the abdomen - body wall; femoral; inguinal; scrotal; umbilical
Abdominal mass removal often, prior to surgery, the origin/location of the mass is not certain. Masses can be removed from (or the organ itself may be removed partially or completely as appropriate) the liver, spleen, adrenal glands, kidneys, ureters (or a stent may be placed), bladder, urethra (or a stent may be placed), stomach, small intestine, cecum, large intestine/colon, rectum, ovaries, uterus, retained testicles, prostate (or a stent may be placed), omentum, lymph nodes, and other structures each of the locations mentioned
Acanthomatous Amelioblastoma Locally invasive oral tumor

Based on the location of the tumor (upper vs. lower jaw, how far forward or back), these tumors can be removed and often cured in the hands of an experienced surgeon. Typically a section of bone must be removed along with the tumor in order to get a healthy tissue margin to prevent local regrowth

Achilles tendonorraphy / tendon repair see common calcaneal tendonorraphy
ACL see Cranial Cruciate Ligament rupture As a quadriped, a dog doesn't technically have an anterior aspect; we use the term cranial, referring to it proximity to the head, as opposed to caudal, referring to proximity to the tail; caudal in a dog or cat generally equates to posterior for a person.   Recommended Treatment: Tibial Tuberosity Advancement
Adrenalectomy adrenal gland removal Tumors may be benign or malignant. Include carcinoma (possibly associated with Cushing’s disease); pheochromocytoma (tumor producing ephinephrine/adrenaline that may be associated with shifting hypertension (high blood pressure) and hypotension (low blood pressure) Cushing's disease; pheochromocytoma
Amputation Removal of a structure thoracic limb (forelimb) amputation; pelvic limb (hind limb) amputation; hemipelvectomy amputation; digit amputation; tail amputation; other structures
Anal Sac adenocarcinoma a type of cancer of the anal sac
Anal Sac tumor see Anal Sac adenocarcinoma
Anal sacculectomy Removal of the anal sac(s) unilateral or bilateral; anal sacculitis/carcinoma Anal Sac adenocarcinoma
Anastamosis Re-attaching two portions after a resection; generally refers to intestinal surgery; see Resection and Anastamosis Resection and Anastamosis
Angular limb deformity Generally refers to deformities caused by premature closure of a growth plate; also may be associated with developmental variations; deformities may be angular, rotational, and/or shortening; treated via corrective osteotomy corrective osteotomy
Anterior Cruciate Ligament rupture see Cranial Cruciate Ligament rupture As a quadriped, a dog doesn't technically have an anterior aspect; we use the term cranial, referring to it proximity to the head, as opposed to caudal, referring to proximity to the tail; caudal in a dog or cat generally equates to posterior for a person. Recommended Treatment: Tibial Tuberosity Advancement
Arthrocentesis Aspirating a sample of synovial (joint) fluid from a joint, usually to evaluate for the type of inflammation and/or presence of infection
Arthodesis Surgical fusion of a joint; generally due to severe arthritis and/or instability
Artificial Hydraulic Urethral Sphincter see Artificial Urethral Sphincter; treatment for incontinence refractory to medication
Artificial Urethral Sphincter Treatment for incontinence refractory to medication
Atlanto-Axial stabilization Fusion/stabilization of the first two cervical (neck) vertebrae
AUS see Artificial Urethral Sphinctertreatment for incontinence refractory to medication
Back surgery see Intervertebral Disc Disease
Bilroth I Removing the pyloric sphincter (the junction between the stomach and duodenum (proximal part of small intestine)) and anastamosing the remaining stomach and duodenum
Bilroth II Removing the pyloric sphincter (the junction between the stomach and duodenum (proximal part of small intestine)) along with a significant portion of the proximal duodenum; the end of the duodenum is sealed into a blind pouch; the remaining stomach is anastamosed to the jejunum (second part of the small intestine) May also involve removal of the pancreas and common bile duct; this is a radical procedure and should only be performed if the owner and veterinarians (generally including an internal medicine specialist) are willing to manage endocrine/exocrine deficiencies for life
Biopsy an examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease. incisional; excisional
Body wall hernia/herniorrhaphy Repair of a hole/tear in the body wall; often traumatic in origin Often not true hernia
C-Section see Caesarean section Caesarean section
Caesarean section surgical procedure in which incisions are made through the abdomen and uterus to deliver (in my field of veterinary medicine) puppies or kittens; aka C-Section
Canine Hip Dysplasia
Castration Removal of the testicles and spermatic cords; aka neutering
Caudectomy tail amputation/removal May be partial or complete based on location of problem; tumor, fracture, nerve injury
Celiotomy synonymous with laparotomy laparotomy
Cervical centesis Spinal tap at the atlanoaxial (top of the neck) region
Cholecystectomy Removal of the gall bladder
Cholecystoduodenostomy making a stoma/connection between the gall bladder and duodenum (first part of the small intestine; biliary re-routing
Cholecystojejunostomy making a stoma/connection between the gall bladder and jejunostomy (second part of the small intestine; biliary re-routing
Chylothorax Disease where
Common Calcaneal tendorraphy Repair of tears and/or lacerations of the common calcaneal tendon (commonly known as the Achilles tendon, just above and on the back of the tarsus/hock/ankle)
Corrective Osteotomy Generally refers to surgical correction of angular, rotational, and/or shortening deformities
Coxofemoral Laxity
Coxofemoral luxation dislocation of the femoral head from the hip joint open (surgical) vs. closed (non-surgical) reduction and stabilization
Cranial Cruciate Ligament rupture Rupture of the cranial (towards the front/head) cruciate ligament in the stifle/knee; commonly referred to as the ACL/anterior cruciate ligament as it is known in people;    Recommended Treatment: Tibial Tuberosity Advancement (TTA) Rapid / Modified Maquet Technique
cricoarytenoid laterallzation (tieback) see laryngeal tieback laryngeal tieback
cricothyroid laterallzation (tieback) see laryngeal tieback laryngeal tieback
Cystectomy Removal of (generally a portion of) the bladder
Cystotomy Incision into the bladder
Desmorrhaphy ligament repair
Diaphragmatic hernia/herniorraphy Repair of a hernia/hole/rent/tear in the diaphragm separating the abdominal contents from the chest cavity
Digit amputation removal of all or part of a digit May be partial (only distal phalanx/phalanges; generally at a joint in the toe) or complete; may also include a portion of the metacarpal (bones between the carpus/wrist and digit) or metatarsal (bones between tarsus/hock/ankle and digit)
Dislocation see Luxation Luxation
Dystocia Complicated delivery of newborns; often requiring surgery intervention C-section vs. ovariohysterectomy
Ectopic ureter congenital defect where the ureter drains into the urethra, vagina, or anywhere other than the normal location in the bladder Surgery is done to alter the opening or transplant the ureter, as appropriate
Elbow dysplasia any of three developmental diseases of the elbow, including fragmented coronoid process (FCP), ununited anconeal process (UAP), osteochondritis dissecans (OCD).
Endoscope-assisted gastropexy gastropexy performed via limited 4 centimeter (less than 2 inch) incision behind the rib; facilitated by using endoscope to dilate and identify stomach on gastropexy
Enteroplication Suturing (stitching) the intestine (bowel) together at regular intervals with the goal of preventing recurrence of intussusception intussusception
Enterotomy Incision into the intestine (bowel)
Enucleation Removal of the eye
Episioplasty Removing redundant skin folds around the vulva/vagina that can cause ascending urinary tract infection
Episiotomy incision to enlarge the opening into the vagina; generally to improve exposure for diseases involving the urethra, vagina, or cervix
Esophagostomy Placement of a feeding tube into the esophagus temporary procedure to bypass the mouth and or to assure appropriate nutrition in a patient; often used post-operatively in a patient that may not feel like eating yet, or in a patient with liver or other disease that needs appropriate nutrition
Exenteration Removal of the eye and other contents of the orbit
Exploratory Laparotomy surgical exploration of the abdomen with intent to diagnose and treat if possible
FCP see Fragmented Coronoid Process Fragmented Coronoid Process
Femoral Head and Neck Excision Removal of the femoral head, the "ball" in the hip's ball and socket joint; commonly referred to as FHO; a treatment for Hip Dysplasia
Femoral herniorrhaphy Repair/closure of a hernia extending through the femoral canal in the thigh
FHO see Femoral Head and Neck Excision; a treatment for Hip Dysplasia
Forelimb / front leg amputation see Thoracic limb amputation Thoracic limb amputation
Fracture repair Facilitating healing of a broken bone; generally divided into internal fixation, external fixation, and external coaptation (splinting)
Fragmented Coronoid Process developmental abnormality in which the an articular portion of the proximal ulnar fissures/separates from the rest of the bone; a component of elbow dysplasia
G-tube see gastrostomy gastrostomy
gall bladder removal see cholecystectomy cholecystectomy
gastrectomy (partial) Removing a portion of the stomach
gastric dilatation-volvulus rapidly life-threatening condition in which the stomach dilates and twists, cutting off blood supply to the back half of the body; urgent surgical emergency; aka GDV; "bloat"
Gastric Torsion see Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus
gastroduodenostomy anastamosing the stomach and duodenum (first part of the small intestine); refers to Bilroth I and creation of a side-to-side portal to bypass obstructive disease anastamosis; Bilroth I
gastrojejunostomy anastamosing the stomach and jejunum (second part of the small intestine); refers to Bilroth II and creation of a side-to-side portal to bypass obstructive disease anastamosis; Bilroth II
Gastropexy creating an adhesion between the stomach and body wall to prevent Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV; "bloat")
gastrostomy forming a stoma between the stomach and body wall; generally refers to placement of a gastrostomy tube (G-tube) for post-op feeding also refers to a PEG (Percutaneous Endoscopically-placed Gastrostomy) tube, which is a gastrostomy tube placed endoscopically.
gastrotomy making an incision into the stomach; often performed to remove foreign material trapped in the stomach
GDV see gastric dilatation-volvulus gastric dilatation-volvulus
"Groin" hernia see inguinal hernia
Hemimandibulectomy Removal of the mandible on one side of the jaw
hemilaminectomy opening a window over one side of the spinal cord to decompress the site; treatment for intervertebral disc disease; tumor; spinal empyema; certain spinal fractures
Hepatectomy (partial) Removal of a portion of the liver; most commonly, this is a liver lobectomy liver lobectomy
herniorraphy repair of a hernia; diaphragmatic; body wall; femoral; inguinal; peritoneal-pericardial; umbilical; other
Hip Arthritis Often associated with Hip Dysplasia
Hip Dysplasia
Hip Laxity
Hip luxation/dislocation see Coxofemoral luxation
Hypercalcemia when caused by hyperparathyroidism; anal sac tumor; or other tumors
Hyperparathyroidism treated via parathyroidectomy
Implant removal Removal of materials previously implanted into a patient, such as metal from fracture repairs
inguinal hernia/herniorrhaphy repairing a hernia in the inguinal region (groin)
Intervertebral disc disease Rupture or bulging of the disc between vertebrae, generally applying pressure to the spinal cord or spinal nerves; may cause pain, weakness, incoordination, paralysis, loss of feeling, incontinence
J-tube see jejunostomy jejunostomy
jejunostomy forming a stoma between the jejunum (second part of the small intestine) and the body wall; generally refers to placement of jejunostomy-tube (J-tube) for nutritional supplementation; this is usually done in a vomiting patient where the stomach needs to be bypassed.
Joint fusion see arthrodesis arthrodesis
Joint tap see arthrocentesis
JPS see juvenile pubic symphysiodesis
Juvenile pubic symphysiodesis Fusion of the symphysis (junction/union) between the two sides of the pubis; Alters the shape of the pelvis in a growing dog to reduce the severity of hip dysplasia/arthritis
Kidney Stones see Nephroliths
Kiwi gall bladder see Biliary Mucocele
Kneecap dislocation see Patellar Luxation
Laparotomy often referring to exploratory laparotomy, but generally refers to any incision into the abdominal cavity Exploratory Laparotomy
Laryngeal tieback Treatment for laryngeal paralysis
Lateral Patellar Luxation Dislocation of the patella (kneecap) towards laterally (towards the outside; away from midline)
Lateral Wall resection Removing the lateral portion of the external ear canal to treat otitis external (ear disease) confined to the vertical portion of the external ear canal
Ligament repair see Desmorrhaphy Desmorrhaphy
Limb amputation see thoracic limb (forelimb); pelvic limb (hind limb); hemipelvectomy; thoracic limb (forelimb); pelvic limb (hind limb); hemipelvectomy;
Liver lobectomy Removal of a lobe of the liver
Lumbar centesis Spinal tap in the caudal lumbar (lower back) region
Luxation dislocation of a joint open vs. closed
Mammary gland tumor a growth in the mammary gland
Mandibular symphysis repair Stabilizing a fracture/luxation/dislocation of the junction between the two mandibles (left and right side of the lower jaw)
Mandibulectomy (partial) Removing a portion of either or both mandibles (left and right sides of the lower jaw)
Mastectomy Removal of a mammary gland
Maxillectomy (partial) Removal of a portion of the mandible (upper jaw)
Medial Patellar Luxation Dislocation of the patella (kneecap) medially (towards the midline of the body)
Mediastinal mass removal Removal of a tumor in the mediastinum (the tissue in the midline of the thoracic cavity, surrounding the heart, esophagus, and trachea)
Megacolon Massive, long-term distension of the colon, resulting in severe constipation/obstipation; when refractory to diet and medications, a subtotal colectomy is performed
Metal removal see implant removal subtotal colectomy
Modified Zepp procedure see Lateral Wall resection Lateral Wall resection
Myelogram injection of contrast material into the cerebrospinal space (spinal fluid) to outline the spinal cord to evaluate for spinal cord compression or swelling
nephrectomy see ureteronephrectomy ureteronephrectomy
Nephrotomy Incision (cutting) into the kidney
Neutering removal of the gonads; while this technically refers to both castration and spaying, it most commonly refers to castration castration; ovariohysterectomy
OCD see Osteochondritis dissecans
Osteochondritis dissecans developmental abnormality in which a osteochondral defect (cartilage) flap exists in a joint surface
Ovariohysterectomy Removal of the ovaries and uterus pyometra, dystocia
Pancreatectomy (partial) Removal of a portion of the pancreas
Parathyroidectomy Removal of one the parathyroid gland
Patellar luxation Dislocation of the patella (kneecap) out of the trochlear groove in which it should normally rest
Perianal tumor Removing tumors associated with the anus
Pericardectomy Removal of the sac surrounding the heart
Perineal hernia / herniorrhaphy Repair/closure of a breakdown of the pelvic diaphragm, allowing distension/distortion of the rectum, and possibly herniation of the bladder or other intestinal contents

Peritoneal-Pericardial herniorrhaphy

Repair/closure of a hernia extending from the abdomen, through the diaphragm, and into the pericardial sac around the heart
Platelet-rich Plasma therapy Harvesting of the growth and healing factor-filled platelet-rich fraction of your pet's blood to help with your pet with healing, inflammation, and repair of bones, tendons, ligaments, wounds, and other tissue
portogram (mesenteric) An angiogram of the portal circulation to identity anamolous vessels (such as a portosystemic shunt)
portosystemic shunt Identification and progressive closure of an anomalous vessel causing blood to bypass the liver
Prophylactic gastropexy gastropexy performed in proactive fashion, to prevent GDV from ever occurring gastropexy; gastropexy; GDV
prostatic omentalization
Pylorectomy/Bilroth I see Bilroth I
Pyometra Severe infection of the uterus; treated by ovariohysterectomy
Rectal polyps
Rectal tumors
Resection and Anastamosis removing a portion and attaching the cut ends; generally refers to intestinal surgery
Sacroiliac luxation Dislocation of the ilium (pelvis) from the sacrum (spine)
Salivary mucocele A saliva filled pocket arising from a salivary gland
Septic arthritis Bacterial infection in the joint
Septic peritonitis Bacterial infection of the abdominal cavity; an urgent, life-threatening emergency
Sialocele see salivary mucocele salivary mucocele
Skin flaps Rotation a portion healthy skin to replace missing skin elsewhere
Skin graft Generally referring to removing skin completely from one part of the body and transfering to another part of the body
Soft palate resection Removing overlong tissue from the back of the soft palate; a common problem in brachycephalic (short-nosed) breeds like the English Bulldog and Chinese Pug
Spinal surgery for Intervertebral Disc Disease or Spinal fracture
Spinal fracture repair
Spinal tap see cerebrospinal fluid sampling cervical or lumbar centesis
Splenectomy Removal of the spleen
Staphylectomy see soft palate resection soft palate resection
Stem Cell Banking storage of stem cells from a relatively young and healthy patient for future use Stem Cell Therapy
Stem Cell Therapy Cutting edge regenerative medicine for treatment of arthritis, orthopedic injuries, and many other problems
Stomach Torsion see Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus
Subcutaneous Ureteral Bypass (SUB) Creation of long-term (potentially permanent) bypass tube between the kidney and bladder, due to obstruction from tumor or stones, most commonly
Subluxating hips see Hip Dysplasia
Subluxation Partial luxation/dislocation of a joint

Sometimes due to laxity, such as with Hip Dysplasia

Subtotal colectomy Removing most of the colon, often due to megacolon or colonic tumors
Tail amputation see caudectomy caudectomy
Tendonorrhaphy Repair of a damaged tendon
Thoracic duct ligation Occluding/tying off the duct into which lymph fluid drains into the chest; treatment for chylothorax
Thoracic limb amputation Removal of the fore/front leg/limb
Thoracotomy A surgical approach to the thoracic cavity (chest)
Thyroidectomy Removal of one or both thyroid glands Most commonly for tumors
Tibial Tuberosity Advancement surgical procedure for cranial cruciate ligament rupture; rapid recovery and improved long-term function
Tonsillectomy Removal of one or both tonsils
Torsion (stomach) see Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus
Total Ear Canal Ablation and Lateral Bulla Ostetomy Surgical/definitive treatment for end-stage otitis externa/media (chronic and severe outer and middle ear disease)
Tracheal Collapse Degenerative condition in which the trachea (windpipe) progressively collapses, causing coughing and airway obstruction
Tracheal Stenting Placement of a stent inside of the tracheal to prevent tracheal collapse
TTA see Tibial Tuberosity Advancement Tibial Tuberosity Advancement
Tumor removal Removal of tumors/masses/lumps from various locations in the body
Twisted Limb

Generally relating to premature or partial closure of a growth plate causing shortening, rotation, and/or angular deviation/deformity

Angular Limb Deformity
Twisted Stomach see Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus
UAP see Ununited Anconeal Process Ununited Anconeal Process
Ulnar ostectomy (partial) Removal of a portion of the ulna (the less weight-bearing bone in the forearm) Performed to treat premature physeal (growth plate) closure and/or incongruency (uneven length/fit) of the bones in the elbow
Umbilical hernia / herniorrhaphy Repairing a hernia in the umbilicus ("belly button"/navel)
Ununited Anconeal Process developmental abnormality in which a growth plate of an articular portion of the proximal ulna fails to close; a component of elbow dysplasia elbow dysplasia
Ureter surgery The ureter is the tube draining urine from the kidney into the bladder; problems with the ureter include obstruction, which should be treated via stenting or bypass (SUB); and ectopic ureter
Ureteral obstruction physical blockage of the tube in which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder; due to the complications associated with surgery, I recommend  treatment via stenting or bypass (SUB)
Ureteral stent Placement of a stent inside of the ureter to prevent blockage by stones, tumors, etc. Dog
Ureteronephrectomy Removal of the kidney and ureter (the tube between the kidney and bladder) "
urethral prolapse Eversion of urethral mucosa beyond the tip of the penis the tissue becomes swollen and will often re-prolapse even if it can be successfully reduced; generally requires removal of the everted mucosa and suturing (sewing) the healthy mucosa back together
urethral repair Repair of lacerations or even complete severing of the urethra
urethral stent Placement of a stent inside of the urethra to prevent obstruction from tumors, strictures (scar tissue), etc.
urethrostomy (perineal) Creating a new stoma (opening) out of the urethra at the level of the perineum (just below the anus) generally done in cats with recurrent urethral obstruction secondary to Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD; also referred to as interstitial cystitis, or FUS -- Feline Urologic Syndrome)
urethrostomy (pre-pubic) Create a new stoma (opening) for the urethra in the caudal (back portion of) abdomen Sometimes performed if the pelvic urethra has been destroyed
urethrostomy (scrotal) Create a new stoma (opening) for the urethra at the level of the scrotum (which is removed) generally done in dogs with urethral obstruction secondary to urolithiasis (urinary stones)
vacuum bandage vacuum-assisted wound healing
ventral bulla osteotomy Opening a window into the middle ear Performed to remove infection, inflamed material, etc.
ventral slot Opening a window to the spinal cord from the ventral (lower) neck for intervertebral disc disease
Wound closure Surgical closure of large and/or complex wounds
wound debridement Removal of contaminated material and/or dead/infected tissue
Zyomatic mucolecele see Salivary mucocele


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